Cashmere is a rare and precious fiber with exceptional properties and incomparable lightness.

Nevertheless, it comes in all qualities. Depending on the methods used, it will be more or less beautiful and therefore more or less expensive.

Alexandra Golovanoff uses the best cashmere in the world, from the most famous Italian spinning mill.

Its quality is based, among other things, on the correct choice of raw material. The characteristics of the fiber and its region of origin will determine the final appearance of your garment as well as its lifespan.

Here are its characteristics.

The raw material

To achieve a high quality yarn, it is essential to carefully select the raw material, to ensure its origin, purity, fineness and consistency.

The two most important cashmere producing countries, both in terms of quantity and quality, are China and Mongolia.

Cashmere from China is considered the best: the fineness and length of the material are exceptional.

Our cashmere comes from the highlands of the Gobi Desert in the Alashan region of China, home to the hircus goats, which produce the finest and most precious fiber.

These goats live in a desert environment with an extreme climate ranging from -40 to +40 degrees.

The down located under the long hair of their fleece, allows these animals to adapt to this particularly harsh climate. This down is harvested once a year between May and July, by hand combing according to a know-how transmitted from generation to generation. The animals are treated extremely well because of their value.

An adult goat produces about 450 to 500 grams of raw fiber, which once sorted by expert hands, will only represent about 100 grams. This ruthless selection of hair is the basis of the high quality of the cashmere we use.

Legacy and know how

The heritage and know-how of the spinning mill from which we source has been passed down for four generations.

Established for a long time in the production regions, our partners benefit from the experience of local craftsmen, who meticulously sort the fibers according to their different shades. Each batch is analyzed according to about 40 control points in its Beijing laboratory.

The yarn is then sent directly to the factory, located north of Milan, in the foothills of the Italian Alps.

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Manufacturing technology

The hairs arrive in large burlap bales. They are then transformed into spools of yarn.

After the elimination of the last and shortest fibers, the entangled fibers are passed through the carding machine which will allow them to be parallelized and organized in the form of a mat. This operation is carried out thanks to the successive passages of the fibers arranged on a conveyor belt under large cylinders provided with fine teeth, which direct all the fibers in the same direction little by little.

The web is then divided into ribbons which are then wound up to obtain a single yarn. This single yarn is then combined with a second yarn by a combination of twists, which provide strength and stability. Throughout these processes, a set of extremely sophisticated and sensitive sensors allow us to measure, analyze and control the operations in a precise and scrupulous way in order to rule out any malfunction.

The wire is then wound onto cones to form 250 gram coils.

The colors

Beyond quality, it is our colors that make the difference.

Plain colors

Skein dyeing allows the yarn to be dyed evenly throughout its entire section. The variety of solid colors that can be obtained is infinite.

After several hours in a dye bath, the skein is dried, sprayed and transferred to a cone.

Conditioning is the last step that gives the yarn strength and all the properties required for knitting through an operation of steaming in an autoclave and then waxing.

"Mottled" colors

In the case of the elaboration of a mottled color, the fiber is dyed in flock and dried. The fibers of different colors will then be combined according to a recipe studied beforehand and mixed for many hours in order to obtain a color with rich and perfectly homogeneous shades.

Environmental requirements

Spinning and dyeing are carried out in Italy in compliance with stringent environmental standards regarding water recycling and purification, CO2 emissions and energy balance. This allows for complete control and traceability at every stage of the manufacturing chain.

For many years now, everything has been done to reduce the environmental impact as much as possible, and new initiatives are constantly being introduced.

The high level of requirement concerning the selection of the noblest and rarest fibers meeting uncompromising quality standards, allow us to produce an exceptional finished product that is durable over time, eco-responsible, virtuous with an unequalled elegance and comfort, and pleasant in all seasons.

These materials are therefore at the crossroads between tradition and innovation. They combine the know-how, expertise and experience inherent in the history of spinning, while taking advantage of new technologies.

Respect for animals, people, know-how and the environment are the fundamental values.